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Activity

Stomp rocket

Summary: 
Make a stomp rocket. Discuss the forces, pressure, chemistry involved (depending on the age level).
Science content (2016 curriculum): 
Chemistry: States of Matter, Properties of Materials (K-7)
Chemistry: Atoms, Molecules (3-7)
Physics: Motion and Forces, Newton’s Laws, Gravity (K, 2, 6)
Physics: Energy forms, Conservation of Energy (1, 3, 4, 5)
Earth/Space: Extreme Environments, Space Exploration (6)
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Lessons activity is in: 
Materials: 
  • Cardstock
  • Stiff tube, about 12” long (about 1” diameter) e.g. stiff plastic piping, or the inside cardboard tube of a roll of aluminum foil/cling wrap
  • Clear tape (or use the duct tape)
  • Bike inner tube, half a round (medium size, about X1.5)
  • Empty water bottle, small OK. Large works even better
  • Duct tape
Procedure: 

We will use gas pressure to make a toy.

To make the rocket:
Roll the cardstock snugly around the stiff tube, then tape along its length to make it into a tube. Slide the cardstock tube off, flatten one end, and tape it closed. Optional now or after launching a few times: decorate/add rocket fins etc.
To make the launcher:
Pull the bike inner tube over the mouth of the plastic bottle; secure with duct tape.
Pull the other end of the inner tube over one end of the stiff tube; secure with duct tape.
To launch:
Slide the cardstock rocket over the stiff tube, point away from people, then stomp on the water bottle. (Best done outside, or in the gym or other room with very high ceilings - the rocket can go tens of metres high).
To reinflate the water bottle, blow down the stiff tube.

Replace plastic bottle once this one stops working - try a bigger bottle (e.g. 2 litre).

Add fins to the tube to make it fly straighter and higher.

Notes: 

Some water bottles are hard for younger students to reinflate, so are not recommended. For smaller bottles, I found the thinner plastic water bottles (I think about 350ml) are easy to inflate and can send the rocket high. The slightly larger, thicker plastic bottles (about 700ml, water or soda drinks) are much harder to inflate. 2 litre bottles I have not tried with a class yet.

Grades taught: 
Gr 1
Gr 2
Gr 3
Gr 4
Gr 5
Teacher: 
Ingrid
Scott Malin
Teaching site: 
Bayview Elementary Science Club
General Gordon Elementary Science Club
JEMZ+ After school science
Tyee Elementary
Activity originally developed and delivered: 

Gordon Elementary Science Club