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Lesson Plan

Habitats and food chains: soil and pond water

Look for living things in two habitats. Construct food chains from the organisms found and other unseen organisms that live there too.
Science content (2016 curriculum): 
Biology: Features, Adaptations of Living Things (K, 1, 3, 7)
Biology: Classification of Living Things, Biodiversity (1, 3)
Biology: Food Webs, Ecosystems, Biomes (3, 4)

If the right time of year, go on a hunt for animals living in the soil. Bring them back to the classroom in some soil.

Do the soil study and form a list of animals that can be connected into a food chain.
Summarize: the soil is full of organisms, adapted for survival, interacting with each other and their environment.
Discuss animals’ role in decomposition and how important it is.
Discuss recycling at home.

Optional: focus on one soil animal and how it is adapted for survival: Worm observation.

Investigate a different habitat: pond water.
Pond water in white tubs on students desks.
Students can transfer what they find to a white paint tray to look more closely with their magnifier.
Discuss adaptations that must be different in pond organisms (from the soil): moisture, temperature (frozen pond), light.

Grades taught: 
Gr 2
Gr 3
Gr 4
Gr 5
Lindsay Izat
Teaching Site: 
Carnarvon Elementary
General Gordon Elementary Science Club
Lesson plan originally developed and delivered: 

Carnarvon Elementary