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Rock cycle crayon model

Shave crayons to make different "minerals", then compress and melt them to form "sedimentary" and "igneous" rock.
Science content (2016 curriculum): 
Earth/Space: Rock cycle, Earth Materials, Natural resources (5)
Science topic (2005 curriculum connection): 
Earth and Space Science: Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources (grade 5)
Earth and Space Science: Earth's Crust (grade 7)
Lessons activity is in: 
  • crayons of different colours
  • pencil sharpener
  • foil mini pie cases
  • greaseproof paper
  • hammer
  • hair dryer

Use a pencil sharpener to make crayon shavings of different colours into the pie cases.
This represents sand and mud made up of different "minerals".
Fold several colours into greaseproof paper and hammer it flat. The minerals are pressed together into one piece of "sedimentary rock".
Place the pieces of sedimentary rock into a pie case, then heat with a hair dryer. As they start to melt together they represent "metamorphic rock", then as they flow together completely they are "magma" inside the earth. As they cool to form a mixture of minerals they are "igneous" rock.


Needs reworking to more accurately represent what happens in the rock cycle.

Grades tested: 
Gr 7
Teaching site: 
Eton Arrowsmith Camp
Activity originally developed and delivered: 

Eton Arrowsmith Camp