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Activity

Blue sky red sunset colours

Summary: 
Use a glue stick and flashlight to model why the sky is blue and sunsets are red.
Science content (2016 curriculum): 
Physics: Light and Sound (1)
Earth/Space: Weather, Seasons, Climate Change (K, 1, 4, 7)
Science topic (2005 curriculum connection): 
Earth and Space Science: Daily and Seasonal Changes (grade 1)
Earth and Space Science: Weather (grade 4)
Lessons activity is in: 
Materials: 
  • glue stick
  • flashlight
Procedure: 

Knowing sunlight is a mixture of colours, we can figure out why the sky is blue, and sunsets are red.
Distribute glue sticks and flashlights.
Tell students the glue stick models our atmosphere. and the flashlight is the sun.
Challenge them to shine the "sun" through the "atmosphere" and look for a blueish sky colour, and a red-orange sunset colour.

Explanation:
Blue: Sunlight hits the atmosphere and is scattered in all directions (O2 and N2). Blue light is scattered more than other colours, so more blue reaches our eyes from all parts of the sky.
Red: As the sun gets low in the sky, its light passes through more atmosphere to reach you. Most of the blue light is scattered, so only reds/yellows reach your eyes.

Grades tested: 
Gr 1
Gr 2
Gr 3
Gr 4
Gr 5
Gr 6
Gr 7
Teacher: 
Alane Lublow
Daphne Gurney
Heather Wallace
Ingrid
Nellie Wong
Nina Hooker
Scott Malin
Taz Ismail
Teaching site: 
Tyee Elementary
Activity originally developed and delivered: 

Tyee Elementary